The latest implementation requirements for self-driving vehicle road tests in Beijing. Yesterday, the Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission released the “Beijing Autonomous Vehicle Road Test Management Implementation Details (Trial)”. Different from the requirements of the previous two years, this year, the Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission proposed that autonomous vehicles be allowed to carry out "personnel tests and load tests", but also required that recruited human test volunteers should be over 18 years old.
On September 18, in Fangshan District, Beijing's high-end manufacturing base, autonomous vehicles were tested on actual roads. On September 18, in Fangshan District, Beijing's high-end manufacturing base, autonomous vehicles were tested on actual roads.
In addition, the vehicle in the automatic driving test should be able to instantly switch to manual operation mode, and the training for the test driver should also include no less than 10 hours of training to take over the test vehicle under dangerous scene conditions.
The same batch of vehicles should complete the 5000 km closed field test
In the past two years, relevant Beijing authorities issued the “Implementation Rules of Beijing Autonomous Vehicle Road Testing Management (Trial)” to standardize the management of testing of autonomous vehicles on actual roads.
Yesterday, the Beijing Municipal Transportation Commission released the newly revised "Rules for the Implementation of Road Testing Management of Beijing Autonomous Vehicles (Trial)" (referred to as the "Implementation Rules") in 2019. The reporter learned that the Beijing Municipal Autonomous Driving Test Management Joint Working Group (referred to as the “Joint Working Group”) is currently responsible for organizing the implementation of road tests for Beijing ’s autonomous driving vehicles. The Public Security Traffic Management Bureau and the Municipal Economic and Information Technology Bureau were jointly established.
Last year, Beijing proposed regulations for road testing of autonomous vehicles: before actually entering social roads, vehicles should be used in closed test sites for autonomous vehicles identified by the joint working group (referred to as "closed test sites"). The simulation test method completes a certain mileage test.
In the newly revised "Implementation Rules" this year, more specific requirements were put forward. Vehicles in the same batch (which meet the "three-same principle" and applications made in the same batch) should complete no less than 5,000 kilometers of autonomous driving tests. No less than 100 kilometers and at least one vehicle completed an autonomous driving test of no less than 1,000 kilometers.
Autonomous vehicles should be able to instantly switch to manual mode during testing
In order to ensure safety, in addition to being able to drive automatically, the vehicle should also be equipped with conditions for manual driving under special circumstances. The reporter noted that in the document released last year, the expression of this problem was "the test vehicle should have conventional motor vehicle driving functions to enable the test driver to quickly and physically when the automatic driving system fails or issues a warning reminder. Take over the vehicle. " This year's newly revised "Implementation Rules" have a more standardized definition: it requires that test vehicles should have two modes of manual operation and automatic driving, and that they can achieve mode conversion in a safe, fast, and simple way, and have corresponding prompts to ensure In any case, the vehicle can be instantly switched to manual operation mode.
In addition, automatic driving tests will be suspended if the following behaviors occur: test vehicles that violate traffic signal traffic, go retrograde, or can be suspended, revoked, or suspended from motor vehicle driving licenses or detained in accordance with road traffic safety laws and regulations. In a serious situation such as serious injury, death, or vehicle damage caused by a traffic accident, the test vehicle bears more than the primary responsibility.
Test drivers should be trained to take over test vehicles in hazardous scenarios
The "Implementation Rules" also set clear requirements for the driving experience and physical condition of the driver of an autonomous vehicle. According to regulations, test drivers of self-driving vehicles should be in good health, have not reached the national legal retirement age, sign labor contracts with test subjects, and should hold corresponding driving licenses for driving vehicles.
In addition, before the official road test, the driver should undergo autopilot training of the test subject, be familiar with the autopilot test procedures, master the autopilot test operation method, and have the ability to handle the safe driving and emergency handling of emergency vehicles. The actual vehicle training should include Autonomous test vehicle operation for no less than 50 hours.
As new additions to this year's revision, the "Implementation Rules" propose that training for test drivers should also include no less than 10 hours of training to take over test vehicles under hazardous scene conditions.
In terms of driving history, it has continued the strict requirements of the previous two years. The test driver should have more than 3 years of safe driving experience, abide by laws and regulations, and have no experience of drinking or driving. Specifically, the test driver should have no full marks in the last 3 consecutive scoring cycles; there should be no record of serious traffic violations such as speeding above 50% and violation of traffic lights in the last year; no responsibility for traffic accidents that cause death or serious injury recording.
Volunteers should be at least 18 years old and sign a test notice
As a new content added this year, the "Implementation Rules" proposes that autonomous vehicles can apply for "personnel test and load test", so that the test will be closer to the vehicle driving conditions in the actual environment.
According to regulations, if a manned test is required and a manned test volunteer is recruited, the test volunteer should be at least 18 years of age and have full civil capacity and good health; the test volunteer should comply with the laws and regulations of the People's Republic of China, fully understand and Voluntarily bear the corresponding risks and submit feedback (or report) for manned tests in a timely manner after completing the test.
At the same time, the "Implementation Rules" also put forward requirements for the hardware configuration of test vehicles. Carrying out manned tests with more than 7 test vehicle seats, and carrying load tests shall be carried out in the closed test field identified by the joint working group for full half-load and full-load tests.
In order to ensure the personal safety of the test volunteers, the test party should purchase seat insurance of not less than 2 million yuan per car per seat or necessary commercial insurance of not less than 1 million yuan per person (such as personal accident insurance, etc.), and cooperate with the test Volunteers sign a test notice to fully inform the manned test requirements, manned test content, and test risk. The test notification should be kept for more than 3 years.
Carrying out load tests, in addition to complying with the relevant provisions of the Road Traffic Safety Law on motor vehicle loads, test drivers should also complete general road tests of the same model for at least 100 hours. In addition to obtaining the corresponding manned test qualification, the test vehicle shall not be used on persons unrelated to the test; in addition to obtaining the corresponding load test qualification, it shall not be used on goods unrelated to the test.